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Greek language

The Greek Language

The Greek language is probably the oldest in Europe, with a four thousand year oral tradition and a three thousand year written tradition. Today, Greek constitutes a large part of the vocabulary of any Indo-European language, and much of the lexicon of any scientific repertoire.

It's surprising how a little Greek will enhance your stay here. Greek people are very proud of their language, but they also realize that it is very difficult for non-Greeks to get to grips with. So, if you can offer a few words, even the most simple greetings, you will receive in return an even more enthusiastic welcome. Below is the Greek alphabet and a few words and phrases that you might find useful. Don't be bashful, just have a go.

Α

α

alfa

like a in carpet

Β

β

vita

like v in video

Γ

γ

gamma

like y in yard

Δ

δ

delta

like th in therefore

Ε

ε

epsilon

like e in envelope

Ζ

ζ

zita

like z in zebra

Η

η

ita

like i in ignore

Θ

θ

theta

like th in theatre

Ι

ι

yiota

like i in ignore

Κ

κ

kappa

like k in kiss

Λ

λ

lamda

like l in lab

Μ

μ

mi

like m in mother

Ν

ν

ni

like n in net

Ξ

ξ

ksi

like x in six

Ο

ο

omicron

like o in ordinary

Π

π

pi

like p in poster

Ρ

ρ

ro

like r in rabbit

Σ

σ

sigma

like s in sigma

Τ

τ

taf

like t in tie

Υ

υ

ipsilon

like i in ignore

Φ

φ

fi

like f in fire

Χ

χ

hi

like h in hotel

Ψ

ψ

psi

like ps in lapse

Ω

ω

omega

like o in ordinary


 

ΝΑΙ

Neh

Yes

ΟΧΙ

O-hee

No

KAΛHMEΡA

Kal-ee-meh-ra

Good morning

KAΛHΣΠEΡA

Kal-ee-speh-ra

Good evening

KAΛHNΥΧTA

Kal-ee-nee-ta

Good night

ΠAΡAKAΛΩ

Par-a-ka-lo

Please

EΥΧAΡIΣTΩ

Ef-har-is-to

Thank you

ΚΑΛΑ

Ka-la

Good

ΣΥΓΝΩΜΗ

Sig-no-mi

Excuse me

ΕΝΤΑΞΕΙ

Eh-daxi

OK

ΔΕΝ ΚΑΤΑΛΑΒΑΙΝΩ

Then ka-ta-la-veh-no

I do not understand

ΜΙΛΑΤΕ ΑΓΓΛΙΚΑ

Mi-lah-teh an-glee-ka?

Do you speak English?

ΘΕΛΩ ΝΑ ΠΑΩ

Thel-o na pao...

I want to go...

ΠΟΣΟ ΚΑΝΕΙ

Po-so ka-nee?

How much does it cost?

ΤΟ ΛΟΓΟΡΙΑΣΜΟ

To lo-gar-e-as-mo

The bill

ΠΟΣΟ ΜΑΚΡΙΑ ΕΙΝΑΙ

Po-so mahk-rea een-eh...

How far is...

ΠΟΥ ΕΙΝΑΙ

Poo een-eh...?

Where is...?

ΓΕΙΑ ΣΑΣ

Ye-a-sas

Hello and Goodbye

ΠΛΗΡΟΦΟΡΙΕΣ

Plee-ro-for-ee-es

Information

ΜΑΖΙ

Ma-zee

With

ΠΟΥ

Poo?

Where?

ΠΩΣ

Pos?

How?

ΓΙΑΤΙ

Yeah-ti

Why?

ΚΑΛΟ

Ka-lo

Good

ΚΑΚΟ

Ka-ko

Bad

ΑΝΟΙΚΤΟ

An-ik-to

Open

ΚΛΕΙΣΤΟ

Klee-sto

Closed

ΤΩΡΑ

To-ra

Now

ΦΤΗΝΟ

Ftee-no

Cheap

ΑΚΡΙΒΟ

Ak-ree-vo

Expensive

ΣΗΜΕΡΑ

See-mer-ah

Today

ΑΥΡΙΟ

Av-ree-o

Tomorrow


 

0

μηδέν

mith-en

1

ενα

e-na

2

δυο

dee-o

3

τρια

tree-a

4

τεσσερα

tess-era

5

πεντε

pen-te

6

εζι

ex-ee

7

επτα

ep-ta

8

οχτω

och-to

9

εννια

en-ia

10

δεκα

de-ka

20

εικοσι

ee-kosee

30

τριαντα

tree-an-da

40

σαραντα

sa-ran-da

50

πενηντα

pen-in-da

60

εξηντα

ex-in-da

70

εβδομηντα

evtho-min-da

80

ογδοντα

ogth-on-da

90

εννενηντα

enen-in-da

100

εκατο

eka-to


 

MONDAY

Δευτέρα

deft-e-ra

TUESDAY

Τρίτη

tree-tee

WEDNESDAY

Τετάρτη

tet-ar-tee

THURSDAY

Πέμπτη

pem-tee

FRIDAY

Παρασκευή

para-skev-ee

SATURDAY

Σάββατο

sav-ato

SUNDAY

Κυριακή

kee-ri-a-kee

For a comprehensive list of sites and software for learning Greek click here.





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